Stanford University (Stanford; authoritatively Leland Stanford Junior University, informally the Farm) is a private research college in Stanford, California, adjoining Palo Alto and between San Jose and San Francisco. Its 8,180-section of land (12.8 sq mi; 33.1 km2) grounds is one of the biggest in the United States. Stanford's undergrad program is the most specific in America. Because of its scholarly quality, riches, and vicinity to Silicon Valley it is frequently refered to as one of the world's most esteemed colleges. The college was established in 1885 by Leland and Jane Stanford in memory of their exclusive kid, Leland Stanford Jr., who had passed on of typhoid fever at age 15 the earlier year. Stanford was a previous Governor of California and U.S. Congressperson; he made his fortune as a railroad big shot. The school conceded its first understudies 125 years prior on October 1, 1891, as a coeducational and non-denominational foundation.